Although it may seem difficult for some of us to believe, even in the 21st century there are many people who still refuse to learn how to use a computer. Interestingly, many of these people are writers, publishers, journalists, or music composers, for whom one might think that a computer would be very useful. Author Gore Vidal, for instance, not only does not use a computer, but apparently he also does not even use a typewriter. Instead, he sends his handwritten manuscripts to a typist in another country, who then sends them to a publisher.
These “technophobes” give various reasons for why they do not use computers, but the primary reason for many of them is that they have never been convinced of the usefulness of these powerful machines. Because they remain uninformed about the computer’s true potential, they see no need to change their old ways. In some cases, these people will eventually become computer literate if someone gives them some good instruction and is able to demonstrate to them the benefits of the various aspects of using a computer. Until that happens, however, most of these people will remain stuck in the modern version of the Dark Ages.
Many people understand that their lives would probably be easier if they learned about computers, but they are slow to obtain this knowledge because of their own laziness, or perhaps because they are a little stubborn. For them, having to learn about a field of knowledge that is entirely new to them seems time consuming and cumbersome, and they see it as a disruption to their personal comfort level. They will often give many excuses for not learning about computers, such as not having enough money to purchase one, or not having enough physical space in their apartments. These people are able to discover the new technology easily enough once they are able to overcome their own inertia and apply at least a small amount of personal effort in this direction. Sometimes these people are forced to procure a rudimentary knowledge about computers because it has become essential in order to advance in their particular occupation.
Other people resist learning about computers because they have had some kind of negative experience when they were first exposed to them. For many people, first impressions are very important, and if their first experience with a computer is a bad one, they will often develop a mental block or even a full-blown phobia that prevents them from learning about computers in the future. This is often the result of poor initial training. The person who first introduced them to computers may have pushed the right buttons for them, but these prospective students never really learned how to operate a computer on their own. When such people later attempt to use a computer without help for the first time, they will sometimes experience unfavorable events that they do not understand. For example, they may receive error messages after trying to boot up the computer, or worse yet, someone else will turn the computer on for them and get them started on writing a long paper, only to have them lose much of their work due to a crash-to-desktop or a power failure. It is not uncommon for such people to become so frustrated with these kinds of experiences that they develop negative attitudes toward computers that are difficult to overcome.
Finally, at the extreme end of the technophobia spectrum, there is a small percentage of the population that not only refuses to learn about computers, but also actively resists technology in general. They are sometimes referred to as “modern day Luddites” and their motives are often political. The reasons that such people give for opposing technology vary. Some of them are radical environmentalists who see computers as just another tool for industrialized nations and large corporations to wreak havoc on the environment. Others are opposed to the whole idea of capitalism, so they despise large computer companies like Microsoft and resist the technology in order to make a kind of political statement. Still others, such as the infamous Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski, do not seem to like the modern world much at all, and would instead prefer to live in a kind of paleolithic utopia in which industrialized society collapses upon itself and we are all forced to return to nature. Needless to say, it is very unlikely that these kinds of people are going to learn about computers anytime in the near future.
For most people, however, learning about computers is simply a matter of overcoming their natural resistance to change and understanding the benefits of this modern technology. If possible, it is often helpful for people who are apprehensive about learning how to use a computer to receive personal tutoring from someone who has the patience to teach them the basic concepts, yet is willing to allow students to obtain enough hands-on experience so that they do not need to constantly rely on others for assistance. Once people are able to get past the initial technophobia stage, many of them will be able to readily understand the benefits of using a computer, at which point they will often seek out more information about them on their own initiative.
Posted in Essays and Articles|
Overview of Osteoarthritis Essay
2526 Words11 Pages
OA is a musculoskeletal disease that causes chronic joint pain and reduced physical functioning (Laba, brien, Fransen, & jan, 2013). Osteoarthritis (OA) is a non-inflammatory disorder of synovial joints that results in loss of hyaline cartilage and remodeling of surrounding bone. OA is the single most common joint disease, with an estimated prevalence of 60% in men and 70% in women later in life after the age of 65 years, affecting an estimated 40 million people in the United States (Goodman & Fuller, 2009). Women are more commonly affected after the age of 55, almost everyone has some symptoms by the age of 70 (Tan, Zahara, Colburn & Hawkins, 2013, p.78). Osteoarthritis can be described radiological, clinical, or subjective.…show more content…
The prevalence of OA is expected to increase in the coming years as risk factors, such as aging, population and obesity become more prevalent (Galvin et al., 2013). It accounts for clinical and economic burden as a result of reduced quality of life, increased use of health care resources and loss of productivity (Galvin et al., 2013). According to Laba (2013), currently there is no known cure for OA, nor are there effective interventions to slow disease progression. A physical therapist should be equipped with enough knowledge about the pathology and management of the disease, so that he can help elderly population manage the symptoms.
Pathophysiology and Etiology According to Goodman and Fuller (2009) Osteoarthritis is divided into 2 classifications: Primary and secondary. Primary OA is a disorder of unknown cause which in the cascade of joint degeneration it is believed to be a related defect in the articular cartilage. Secondary OA has a known cause, which may be trauma, infection, hemarthrosis, osteonecrosis, or some condition Primary Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder in the world and often affects the knee and hip joints (Rubak, Svendsen, Soballe, & Frost, 2013). For patients with primary hip OA, pain and disability are the most important indications for total hip replacement (THR) (Rubake et al., 2013, p.486) Primary symptoms of OA include joint pain, stiffness, and limitation of movement. Disease progression is usually slow but can