Sticigui Assignments For Kids

The Redwood Highway begins at the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California--the beginning of the Redwood Highway North (Hwy. 101). To the immediate right or east of the Gate lies what remains of Alcatraz, now a national park; a short distance to the east-northeast is San Quentin; much farther north, past the Telecom Valley, MendoSonoma, Silicon, or Digital Coast, is Pelican Bay. Together these prisons represent the past, present, and future, respectively, of incarceration--California style with Fed Rock thrown in. They have also reflected and defined the state of communities and polities that adapt to and/or rely upon them to resolve their experiences of crime problems.

The Redwood Highway contains links from and about the world that deal with the nature, extent, control, and prevention of crime. It is devoted to helping us understand the nature of our crime problems as well as how our laws, punishments, and relatively meager prevention strategies have developed and can be changed. There are also links to the scientific study of crime, electronic and print publication, and the profession of criminology. It should be of interest to both professionals in the field and more casual web surfers. The Redwood Highway attempts to focus on quality links and is annotated.

Our site first opened in mid-November, 1995.

We are not responsible for what is found on the links contained in these web pages. Some documents may contain language or pictures that are offensive to some. Follow the links at your own risk.

  • The Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics contains a massive amount of quantitative information about offending and offenders, including self-report, victimization and police sources, along with information about the police, courts, corrections, prevention and attitudes about crime. This terrific resource is up again with 2011 data, which is updated monthly. In order to download these files you will need to install Adobe's Acrobat software, which is free.
  • European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics. Our European friends' counterpart to the U.S. Sourcebook.
  • University of Michigan Statistical Resources. Enter "crime." in the search engine. This site link provides a pretty good collection of crime related resources for general users. You can also go to their site index for more specific (or general) information.
  • The Federal Bureau of Investigation's2015 (and earlier) Crime in the United States, which is available in either html, excel and/or pdf; the latter requires (free) Acrobat software. This site also contains hate crime data; current and past issues of the Law Enforcement Bulletin ; NCIC --National Crime Information Center publication; NIBRS, and others.
  • Bureau of Justice Statistics: Reports. Here's a gateway to an agency with a vast number of reports on crime.
  • TRAC Monthly Bulletins on a range of agencies--ATF, DEA, FBI, Immigration and IRS--as well as Program Bulletins: Internal Security, White Collar Crime, Narcotics, Weapons, Civil Rights, Offricial Corruption, Environment, Organized Crime and Government Regulatory.
  • EveryBlock's Chicago. This is a way cool database of crime for the city of Chicago, which is tied in with Google somehow, so that you get Google maps of Chicago's crime issues. There's also a dashboard widget.
  • Council of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA) and its mirror sites in the United Kingdom and Australia. The CESSDA facilitates the distribution and sharing of electronic data for social science education and research in Europe.
  • The Crime Mapping Research Center. This site is devoted to crime mapping and spatial analysis.
  • Federal Justice Case Processing Statistics, funded by the US BJS.
  • Counting California. Lots of statistics about California, including those related to crime.
  • Geostat: Geospatial and Statistical Data Center. Take the link to the "Scholar lab." Useful information such as annotated listings of graphical and statistical inks, instructional materials relevant to social and hard sciences, and much more.
  • The National Criminal Justice Reference Service is a key place to search for a wide variety of documents on crime and criminal justice. This resource is updated and free for many items.
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (Michigan).
  • IASSIST - International Association for Social Science Information Service and Technology
  • Murray Research Center. This research center claims to have the "nation's largest social science data archive on human development across the life span." It is a nicely laid out site and provides free help but data requests require application/registration. This seems to be a researcher's dream come true.
  • The National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect at Cornell University.
  • The General Social Survey Data and Information Retrieval System (GSSDIRS) is available. This is a data set that has been almost continuously collected since the early 1970s. It has relevant data on opinions and facts about crime, bibliographies, question wordings, reports, case-level analysis and sub-setting, trend tables, and much more. If this is not satisfactory you may wish to try the GSS Surveys at this web page. Once you arrive there go to Q SOFT or Social Sciences Resources.
  • The National Archive of Criminal Justice Data contains over 500 data collections relating to criminal justice. The site provides you with both documentation and a means of downloading information.
  • The Data Archive of the University of Essex has over 7,000 databases (!) of secondary data for analysis. The site also contains information about funding opportunities.
  • Atlas of United States Mortality by race, region, gender, etc.
  • RACE Are We So Different? A helpful link for researchers and kids about what race means. Instructive in thinking about crime.
  • Foreclosure to Homelessness: the Forgotten Victims of the Subprime Crisis (pdf). One step away from more serious problems. From the National Coalition for the Homeless.
  • SEARCH -- The National Consortium for Justice Information and Statistics. A nonprofit consortium whose major objective is to assist local and state justice agencies in information exchange.There are special projects on Drug Courts, the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), Law Enforcement IT, Integrated Justice and others. There is a lot more here.
  • State and County QuickFacts -- US Census. You can readily access frequently needed Census Bureau information here at the national, state, and county level. Another fabulous resource for those needing numbers.
  • Department of Health and Human Services-Substance Abuse. They have massive data on the connection between mental illness and drugs.
  • Victimization statistics (NCVS) for the U.S.
  • The National Center for Education Statistics has a great deal of information on safety in the schools.
  • Center for Disease Control, Report on Nation's Health.
  • "American Sexual Behavior: Trends, Socio-Demographic Differences, and Risk Behavior," by Tom W. Smith at NORC. Offers reliable estimates on the annual (max 4%) and lifetime (max 17%) prevalence of extramarital affairs, among other relevant statistics.
  • The Census of Population and Housing contains 2014 and earlier Census data, even in spreadsheet form, for US jurisdictions, population counts for the US and world, etc.
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. U.S. Welfare caseload information by state, before and after welfare reform. Updated regularly.
  • The The 2015 Statistical Abstract--the genuine article, with links to all prior census data going back to 1878. The current report is in Excel format but earlier ones are in pdf. There is a subject index but it's a little hard to find the statistical tables you need.
  • The World Wide Web Virtual Library offers a topical search engine and links to the on-line legal community in the US. This site is maintained by the Bloomington, Indiana School of Law.
  • The Securities Class Action Clearinghouse, a nifty, updated collection of firms that face class action lawsuits, brought to you by the Stanford Law School."The Securities Class Action Clearinghouse provides detailed information relating to the prosecution, defense, and settlement of federal class action securities fraud litigation. "
  • FACTNet International Digest, a non-profit Internet digest, library, news service, dialogue center, and archive dedicated to the defense and promotion of global free speech, free thought, and privacy rights.
  • The Government Printing Office has the Congressional Record, the full text of bills, and unrestricted access to the Federal Register, among many other items of interest.
  • The latest U.S. Government Printing Office's Federal Register Database.
  • SSU Library's subject guide to crime information.
  • Comparison of statistical packages for people who analyze data--free and fee based.
  • Amnesty International's attack on the U.S. system of punishment. They find "a persistent and widespread pattern of human rights violations" in the U.S.
  • OSAC Public Newsletters, under the "Resource Library" section, includes reports on international:
    • Safety and Security
    • White Collar Crime
    • Crime and Safety Reports
    • Crime & Law Enforcement
    • Crisis & Risk Management
    • Terrorism
    • Research/Reference
    • Universities and Colleges
  • Human Rights Watch Various Reports or News statements (there are many to choose from:
  • Child Rights Information Network uses the UN's convention on the rights of the child as their inspiration. Filled with links to the state of children in the world. There is a search engine that is wonderful. There's an amazing amount of information at this site.
  • Nation Master. Numerous details, including crime, health, education, etc., about many countries in the world. You'll also find maps useful for locating a country in the world, along with flags. Beware of data sources.
  • International Centre for Prison Studies. A group with various resources. Recently they had Elliot Currie through to talk for their 10th anniversary.
  • International Crime Victims Survey. A survey of victimization in about fourteen countries. The data are also available for analysis.
  • International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour
  • Global Alliance for Justice Education A relatively new organization that seeks to advance justice education, especially in developing countries.
  • International Victimology Website. Current practices and research in victimology/criminology. This site has a Victimology Research database and a Victim Services and Victimization Prevention database. There are also quite a few documents and publications, by country.
  • "Establishing Law and Order After Conflict", the July, 2005 RAND report examines how (well) the US messes with nations around the world, including Iraq, Afghanistan, Somalia, Bosnia and others. The uses data on violence, crime, and other information. It includes recommendations.
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. This site has the subsections of news/publications, drug abuse and demand reduction, drug supply reduction, terrorism, corruption and human trafficking, treaty and legal affairs, and analysis and statistics.
  • National Constitutions from around the world.
  • UNAIDS, the lead agency on AIDS around the world. This site contains reports on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic.
  • American Society of International Law You can examine International Law in Brief (way cool, and it's free).
  • United Nations Interregional Crime & Justice Research Institute (UNICRI). A nicely done site. UNICRI has a lot of international criminology resources, including information on 470+ institutes around the world, a searchable bibliography, a thesaurus, and related information.
  • The Canadian Access to Justice Network provides a very useful look of things Canadian and much, much more.
  • The Canadian Criminal Justice Association
  • The International Community Corrections Association
  • United Nations Crime and Justice Information Network, a global criminal justice information and crime prevention network.

Sixth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1995 - 1997). In pdf or excel formats. The 2000 Global Report on Crime and Justice is available too. This site is now subsumed by The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.

  • Criminal Justice Resources for (recent studies):
  1. 3/16/16 - The Afghan Opiate Trade and Africa - A Baseline Assessment- 2016
  2. 3/16/16 - Afghanistan Opium Survey 2015 - Socio-economic analysi
These agencies and issues are probably self explanatory.
  • The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms
  • The California Highway Patrol
  • The CIA
  • CyberCrime from the Australian Institute of Criminology
  • The United States Department of Justice
  • The Drug Enforcement Administration DEA
  • The Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  • The Federal Trade Commission . Are you on the do not call list?
    International Association of Chiefs of Police
  • Interpol.

    The eighty year old international crime fighting organization with over one hundred eighty nations as members. There are international crime statistics and a lot of other resources, including Interpol's publication, the International Criminal Police Review. There is information here on: terrorism, Genocide, War Crimes, and Crimes Against Humanity, Children and Human Trafficking, Property Crime, Drugs, Financial crime, Corruption, Forensic, Information Technology Crime, Criminal Intelligence Analysis, and others

  • Office of Tribal Justice.This brings together various agencies with jurisdiction over Native American Indian jurisdictions. If you take the Tribal Issues link, you find the following:

    United States Attorneys' Offices. The vast majority of criminal prosecutions for felony crimes committed within Indian country are handled by United States Attorneys' Offices. The designated Tribal Liaison within United States Attorneys' Offices may be contacted regarding issues that arise in Indian Country. The United States Attorneys' Offices have identified five basic priorities on which to focus in Indian country: (1) Homeland security, (2) Violent crimes, (3) Indian gaming, (4) White collar crime, and (5) Jurisdictional issues.

    It may be of interest to compare Native American Indian perspectives on the history and contemporary view of themselves. One place to get this online is through the relatively new American Indian Museum, apparently the last museum to be built on the row in D.C. One exhibit entitled, "Who Stole the Teepee?", is worth examining. However, a tour of this museum is eye-opening to the unprepared visitor. Friendly and very knowledgeable staff there introduce patrons to the history of treaties and the treatment of American Indians in this country--a history that obviously does not put our government's past actions in the most favorable light.

  • Leo's Law Enforcement Links is also extensive and updated. The server is sometimes unavailable.
  • National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). A joint project between the FBI and the Bureau of Justice Statistics, which will at some point hopefully replace the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports. The NIBRS includes data on 22 offense categories and makes a variety of improvements to existing FBI data. Around half the states have joined. Data on arson are still collected as poorly as under the old FBI system, but at least they're trying something new. Animal cruelty is getting a higher ranking than it did in the UCR.
  • The National Security Agency. Here's an agency with some money to devote to web page frills.
  • Office of National Drug Control Policy
  • The US Customs and Border Protection
  • The US Secret Service
  • Women in Law Enforcement, 1987-2008. While there are some gains overall the picture is that the proportion of women in law enforcement has plateaued. This is the most recent report as of 2016.
  • Miscellaneous critique and evaluation:
    • New Arrests of Pregnant Women (Alabama). A continuous update of women arrested because they are pregnant and allegedly ingesting drugs: the policing of pregnancy. This is an advocacy group devoted to protecting reproductive rights, especially those of minority women--one of the major targets of the war on drugs. As noted on their home page, "By focusing on the rights of pregnant women, NAPW broadens and strengthens the reproductive justice, drug policy reform, and other interconnected social justice movements in America today."
    • Copwatch, a web site of complaints filed against police officers.
    • Human Rights Watch, Shielded from Justice: Police Brutality and Accountability in the United States of America . A major report on the use of excessive force by police officers, and the problems of officer accountability for fourteen representative cities from late 1995 and early 1998.
    • Use of Force by the Police , in PDF, from NIJ and BJS. A review of the literature on this important topic.
    • ainst Police Brutality and the Criminalization of a Generation and their list of resources on police brutality. Stand Up Ag
    • Online papers about the police by Gary Marx:

Legal Search and Reference

ACLU on Criminal Justice. This is a thoughtful web site dealing with core issues of the day.

ABA LawInfo.org. A consumer oriented site from the American Bar Association.

The Avalon Project. Yale University Law School's fledgling but provocative site that encourages comparative and historical thinking about law.

The Cornell University legal resource site.

The Harvard Law School has a wide ranges of programs, studies and reports of interest, both local and international.

Defense Counsel in Criminal Cases. The state of criminal defense from the Department of Justice, dated 2000.

Federal Grand Jury. Federal and state grand juries are explained. The Federal Judicial Center, the research arm of the federal court system. They have set a good example for other research units to follow at all levels of government by putting their research reports on-line. You'll need to have Adobe's free Acrobat software to read the files. Instructions on downloading the software are available at the FJC web site.

FindLaw is an excellent general law-related search site that also provides access to the Federal Register. See also the newly released FindLaw Constitutional Law Center, an resource on the United States Constitution and the U.S. Supreme Court. The U.S. Supreme Court is an excellent subsection of FindLaw

GigaLaw.com is made by law professors and attorneys and provides law related information for technology and internet professionals. They mainly offer essays and articles on law, technology and related matters.

GPO Accessreplaced the old GPO Gate site, a complement to FindLaw.

Law.com. There's a lot of free stuff on this site about law for lawyers, students, and the public, but there are also obvious commercial aspirations. It includes the online and free version of American Lawyer and a dictionary of over 3000 legal terms. Enjoy it while it lasts.

Law Library of Congress, the "official" library of Congress, which among other things includes the digital resources of the Global Legal Information Network (GLIN), Multinational Collections Database, and the Guide to Law Online.

A Legal Citation Guide. See others at the writing and publishing link. Nicely done. Thank you Cornell.

New and reviewed jurist books on law.

Political Campaign Finance Data

Up-to-date political campaign finance data are directly relevant to understanding how laws are formed and passed. Examine the links below to learn more about where candidate campaign contributions come from and how this relates to legal change:

The Spirit of Laws, Charles de Montesquieu, (1748, tr. Thomas Nugent 1752).

Thomas is the search engine for current federal legislation. United States Sentencing Commission. The key to sentence types and lengths in the federal system.

The U.S. Information Agency. Issues of Democracy, an electronic journal, contains internet sites on democracy and human rights themes. Here you will find the Declaration of Independence, the Bill of Rights, the U.S. Constitution, and descriptions and discussions of the executive, legislative and judicial branches. West's Legal Dictionary (listed above as FindLaw).

Courts and Court Decisions

Internet Library of Law and Court Decisions. Summaries of Internet-related court decisions. Select Internet Library in the menu and use the keyword search engine.

See the Native Tribal Justice Resource Center link (above).

The United States Federal Judiciary

Federal Rules of Evidence

The U.S. Supreme Court Justices Database. Described as a "multi-user, public database containing a wealth of information on individuals nominated (whether confirmed or not) to the U.S. Supreme Court," the databases and documentation were last updated on March 8, 2007. You can download excel spreadsheets, SPSS databases, etc.

Supreme Court Nominations. If you need to know how the process works this is the link for you.

US Supreme Court Opinions

Full-text US Supreme Court Decisions from 1937 to 1975! This includes 7,407 decisions, volumes 300 through 422, of the US Reports. The decisions can be accessed through keyword or case name search; available in ASCII format. Provided by the US Air Force FLITE (Federal Legal Information Through Electronics) system.

US Supreme Court Rules

US Court of Appeals First Circuit

U.S. Court of Appeals Second Circuit

US Court of Appeals Third Circuit

US Court of Appeals Fourth Circuit

US Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit

US Court of Appeals Sixth Circuit

US Court of Appeals Seventh Circuit

US Court of Appeals Eighth Circuit

US Court of Appeals Ninth Circuit

US Court of Appeals Tenth Circuit

US Court of Appeals Eleventh Circuit

US Court of Appeals D.C. Circuit

California's Legal System

Some very informative links about law in California.

First, All U.S. State Constitutions and Web Sites

  • California Law: All 29 codes (penal, health & safety, fish & game, etc.) available online.
  • Current State of Senate
    • The Judicial Branch, State of California. This new site contains a vast amount of legal information about the California judicial system and links you with it. You can find, for example, the opinions of the California Supreme Court and Courts of Appeal, which are immediately updated, and the California Court System is shown in graphical form illustrating appellate and trial court systems.
    • California Attorney General's Office
    • Crime and Violence Prevention Center, also of the California Attorney General's Office, contains prevention materials on gangs, drugs, domestic violence, youth violence, child abuse, elder abuse and Community Oriented Policing and Problem Solving (COPPS).
    • California Judicial System--Constitutional authority, scope, budget
    • Supreme Court--Information on members, qualifications, jurisdiction
    • There are also links to the Courts of Appeal (membership, jurisdiction), Superior Courts (membership, jurisdiction), Municipal Courts (membership, jurisdiction), Judicial Council (membership, committees, activities), Commission on Judicial Appointments (constitutional authority, function), Commission on Judicial Performance (constitutional authority, function), California Judges Association (functions), State Bar of California (constitutional authority, admission, certification, judicial nominees), Map of California Appellate Court Districts (counties included in each of the six districts), The Judicial Council, the Administrative Office of the Courts, and others.
    • Another source of California judicial opinions
    • California statutes
  • Justice through art. This ebook was made possible by the Rockefeller Foundation, Columbia University, and Penland School of Crafts.
  • The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, Michelle Alexander's new book. This link takes you to a video of her discussing the book.
  • See the latest policy decisions by the California legislature on the prison crisis at http://www.sonoma.edu/cja/info/default.shtml. The answer: build more prison space!
  • Your Rights, Your Future: Preparing for Reentry
  • The Vera Institute's section on Sentencing and Corrections.
  • Alcatraz Island. From the online museum.
  • Photos of San Quentin from the Heritage Collection, dated 1925-1935. See what San Quentin was like in the not-so-old days. You don't have to wonder why it's falling apart today. There are 355 photos, including
  • American Jail Association Home Page
  • Bureau of Justice Statistics: Correctionsv. Extensive information, and in a variety of forms, about offenders and the punishment system.
  • The California Correctional Peace Officers Association [CCPOA]. This is one of the most powerful unions in California and a past supporter of three strikes and similar legislation. Given that three strikes legislation has had dramatic short-term and large anticipated long-term effects on prison population sizes it is easy to see CCPOA's self-interest in three strikes.
  • California Department of Corrections Information Network. For the family of inmates in California prisons.
  • California Prison Focus. See their Bay Area Prison links.
  • California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. This is the largest correctional agency in the U.S.--recently renamed. The site currently includes:
  • The Corrections Connection Network. This extensive site provides links to the growth areas of corrections and seems to have an applied cast.
  • The Commission on Safety and Abuse in America's Prisons has released Confronting Confinement, a critical evaluation of the world's largest prison system--the U.S. They have issued numerous reports and others are forthcoming. Download the lengthy report at this link.
  • Correctional Education Connections. A site on reducing crime through educating inmates and other matters. The author is among those of us who have taught prison inmates.
  • Here are articles about the world-famous Delancey Street, which you can reach by mail at 600 Embarcadero, San Francisco, CA 94107. Founder/manager Mimi Silbert has also received an award from the Western Society of Criminology. The articles:
  • Families to Amend California's 3-Strikes. A group devoted to criticism and change of the California's three strikes law.
  • The Family and Corrections Network--their latest effort to inform, support and empower families of offenders and their supporters.
  • The Federal Bureau of Prisons
  • Friends Outside, a national organization.
  • Global Bibliography of Prison Systems, Version 1.0 in html; it is also available in PDF and Zip versions. This was Philip Reichel's sabbatical project, and a useful one for people who want to know all about international prison systems. This version has a thirty-two item subject guide. All of this is supposed to be updated too!
  • Gulag: Soviet Forced Labor Camps and the Struggle for Freedom
  • Health and Prisoner Reentry: How Physical, Mental, and Substance Abuse Conditions Shape the Process of Reintegration. Take this press release link to the actual study. From the Urban Institute.
  • Some references on the impact of prisons on local crime levels is here.
  • The Innocence Project. All about the exoneration of convicted offenders. They note that "This Project only handles cases where postconviction DNA testing of evidence can yield conclusive proof of innocence." This project has inspired an entire movement to find errors in criminal justice and make meaningful change in a system designed to make mistakes. Many cases of false conviction are not included in the Innocence Project, such as the March 21, 2006 release of Gregory Wallis after he spent 18 years in a Texas prison.
  • International Centre for Prison Studies.
  • National Center on Institutions and Alternatives. "The mission of the National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (NCIA) is to help create a society in which all persons who come into contact with human service or correctional systems are provided an environment of individual care, concern and treatment."
  • Pelican Bay Prison Project. Information for sharing about California's super-max prison.
  • Correction Strategies: The Implementation of Prison Privatization.
  • Public Safety Research: Prison Population. As states go broke they persist in a policy of mass incarceration, but some states are bucking the trend.
  • Prison and Jail Inmates, by year.The latest statistics on the number of people in custody.
  • Prison Resources and Links.
  • The Prison Law Office. The center of a good deal of litigation regarding prisoner's rights in California.
  • Prisoners' Rights, from the Cornell University site.
  • Prison Scene, photo essay by Herman Krieger, includes photos of prisons in America. There are a few familiar ones from California--San Quentin, Vacaville, etc.
  • The Re-Entry Policy Council, located in Washington, D.C. This is an extremely helpful web site on parole re-entry. Try these links:
  • Report into Allegations of Organ Harvesting of Falun Gong Practitioners in China
  • The Sentencing Project. A very good source of data about national and international incarceration trends and related matters, with a critical edge.
  • Smart sentencing. One judge's view.
  • Sonoma County's official Friends Outside. A brief description of their program is described in the Sonoma County Profile. Friends Outside provides institutional and post-institutional help for accused or convicted offenders.
  • Just Detention International (Stop Prisoner Rape, Inc.) A much needed and comprehensive web site dealing with sex abuse of all kinds in custody.
  • The Stanford Prison Experiment. An overview of this famous experiment, with clips from selected portions of the experiment, voice over, and an order form.
  • Mortality in Local Jails 2000-2007. for the U.S.
  • Visit SuperCell, our crime control superhero!
  • SUPERMAXED.COM. "An informational and educational Website about Supermax and Maximum Security Prisons."
  • Virtual SHU. An "inside" look at Pelican Bay Prison.
  • International Centre for Prison Studies, A Human Rights Approach to Prison Management. Handbook for prison staff. Second Edition. A gift to the world. Those who imprison must read and heed.
  • World Prison Brief. Enjoy clicking the colorful map. Pick your country and learn who around the world is locking up more or less people in prisons. According to the 8th edition of this report, the U.S. has the highest prison rate in the world but other countries aren't flocking here to learn how to emulate us.
  • Yahoo's collection on prison issues

Violence,Terrorism and Organized Crime

Developments in the areas of terrorism, violence and militias have increased in recent years, especially since 9/11, and before that the Oklahoma bombing, unresolved questions surrounding the explosion and crash of Flight 800 and sustained abortion clinic bombings. These links, and those found within them, may be helpful in understanding and interpreting these instances of violence. Is this the beginning of a tornado of violence that is about to befall the US or a continuation of past patterns of violence and terrorism?

  • TRAC reports on Terrorism. This is a great site that tracks federal expenditures and resources on federal law enforcement.
  • Country Reports on Terroris As noted on this page, "U.S. law requires the Secretary of State to provide Congress, by April 30 of each year, a full and complete report on terrorism with regard to those countries and groups meeting criteria set forth in the legislation. This annual report is entitled Country Reports on Terrorism. Beginning with the report for 2004, it replaced the previously published Patterns of Global Terrorism."
  • Global War Against Terrorism. An aassessment of the war on terrorism from the Center for Strategic & Budgetary Assessments.
  • Trac's Criminal Enforcement Against Terrorism, a report on the vigorousness with which law enforcement has approached terrorism before and after Sept. 11. There are some important statistics to learn there.
  • RAND: Homeland Security. The RAND Corporation's page on homeland security. The publication entitled, "Evaluating the Viability of 100 Percent Container Inspection at America's Ports," is supposed to be eye-opening but we haven't read it.
  • National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism. A memorial web site on the causes and effects of terrorism, and much more, including a virtual library with pretty extensive holdings, calendar of events, and a variety of useful information.
  • The Memory Project. An impressive collection of materials (audio, visual, text, etc.) devoted to the memory of 9/11.
  • After September 11: Perspectives from the Social Sciences. An updated collection of writings on terrorism in the wake of Sept. 11.
  • The International Institute for Counter-Terrorism, a wide range of materials.
  • Patterns of Global Terrorism, from the Secretary of State.
  • Political Terrorism Database
  • Organized Crime and Corruption Bibliographic Database
  • Nathanson Centre for the Study of Organized Crime and Corruption
  • United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. There's information about a related conference available here as well.
  • The Terrorist Profile Weekly
  • Terrorism Research Center
  • Emma's Domain contains numerous articles, links, etc. on terrorism, profiling, and related topics.
  • One of the most persistent and serious American terrorist problems surrounds the bombing and arson of abortion clinics. Here are the latest statistics from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms' website on the number of bomb and arson attacks on abortion clinics over time.
  • Nuclear Explosions Database. Geoscience Australia allows you to query their database of nuclear explosions from explosions around the world since 1945. We're not sure it belongs on this page but it could be helpful for those looking for patterns.
  • Selected Works on Tyranny, which contains links to classic works on the topic.
  • Militia Watch
  • Other information on militias
  • Here is information about the Montana Freemen
  • Terrorist Group Index
  • Covert Action Quarterly, an interesting looking journal.
  • The World Wide Web of Terrorism.
  • Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.
  • This is a selection from a book dealing with Combatting Terrorism.
  • Terrorism and China. From the Hoover Institute. Go to National Security & Defense and then to "terrorism."
  • Five chapters from Raddai Raikhlin, Civil War, Terrorism and Gangs: The System of Sociology and Social Dynamics.
  • Yahoo's resources on serial killers has links that fall into this category.
  • John Hagedorn's Gang Research On-Line. This is an important and helpful important web site about gangs, young and old. The message here is fundamental and powerful. The site reviews gang research, popular media about gangs, gangs around the world, and related matters. Good job, John! One way to look at the site is through its Gangs by the Letters index. Another is to begin with basics, like how do you define a gang?

Someone once wrote that arson is the most neglected crime on earth; practice suggests that it is still neglected although the implied comparison might be questioned. See some of the above links under terrorism that deal with arson. In recent years there has been more attention to arson on the web, which is welcome.

The neglect of arson is reflected in the slow appearance of arson links on most web pages dealing with crime. Many of the links below deal with fire suppression or control. This is inevitable given the close relationship between suppression, control and determination of intentionally set fires.

General resources

Government Agencies: Federal, State & Local

International

Other organizations

"I think we ought to raise the age at which juveniles can have a gun." Former President Bush, 10.18.2000, St. Louis, MO

  • The American Bar Assocation's Juvenile Justice Center
  • BJS, U.S. Department of Education, Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2006. Many, many other reports on juvenile justice are available through the juvenile justice section of the National Criminal Justice Reference Service.
  • Children Now. The state of children in California
  • Children's Defense Fund Publications
  • The Children in Prison Project, which advocates for improved prison conditions like better nutrition and education for juvenile inmates (13-15 years old) in adult prisons, received the prestigious Award for Excellence in a Public Interest Project from the Clinical Legal Education Association.
  • Child Quest International: "dedicated to the protection and recovery of missing, abused and exploited children and at-risk adults."
  • The Educational Equity Center and The Boys Project look at gender differences in success as measured in various ways (e.g., crime) and seek to correct differences between boys and girls by either directing attention to the needs of boys or by creating gender neutral strategies of education, inclusion, remediation, etc.
  • Logging On and Losing Out: Dealing Addiction to America's Kids. The readily available game of digital poker has lots of consequences.
  • Principles of Restorative Justice as applied to Juvenile Justice: The Leuven Declaration, see the link under the "System Critique and Reform" section below. Open your mind to alternative principles for transforming the juvenile justice system that do not merely center on punishment and more punishment.
  • Juvenile justice in California is in a state of chaos at the state level and in its usual differentiated condition at the county level. The California Youth Authority now is the Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) within the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR), and DJJ has been placed under the supervision of a federal court monitor. The Farrell v. Hickman litigation, consent decree and related materials are available on the CDCR web site at this link. Other materials related to this issue, such as the Special Master report, are at the Prison Law Office.
  • CJCJ's list of juvenile justice resources.
  • Marketing Violent Entertainment to Children. The latest study on how companies market videos, etc. with violent content to kids under eighteen.
  • National Report on Juvenile Offenders and Victims, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Planning, is touted as the "most comprehensive source of information about juvenile crime, violence, and victimization..." See a great number of studies at their "Juvenile Justice General" research topic area.
  • The Rest of Their Lives: Life without Parole for Child Offenders in the United States
  • Human Rights Watch's length list of publications on Children's Rights from around the world.
  • Youth Crime Gun Interdiction Initiative, by the Treasury Department's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, in PDF.
  • Fragile Families and Child Well-Being, at the Columbia School of Public Health
  • Juvenile Justice from NCJRS
  • A few links to one of the most popular student paper topics (waiver). Remember to use appropriate citation for sources!
  • FSU's Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse
  • Gangs in Los Angeles County
  • Idaho Youth Ranch. This ranch indicates that it uses balanced and restorative justice principles.
  • The International Clearinghouse on Children, Youth and Media
  • International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour
  • Juvenile Justice Policy in the 21st Century Laurence Steinberg, Prof. of Psychology, Temple University and Donald W. DeVore, Director, Juvenile Services, Connecticut Department of Children and Families An experimental web site from Princeton. A podcast, streaming video, or whatever you'd like.
  • Island Youth Programs-Texas
  • National Center for Missing and Exploited Children
  • The National Youth Teen Court Page
  • National Youth Gang Center. We seem to have come a long way. Now we have frequently asked quetions page on gangs from NYGC.
  • National Youth Network
  • Restorative Justice: An Annotated Bibliography. Over 500 entries on the Prison Fellowship International web site.
  • U.S. Justice Fund, Public Opinion on Youth, Crime, and Race: A Guide for Advocates. Building Blocks For Youth
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
  • UNICEF Annual Reports:
  • Youth Online Safety Grouping, Interdisciplinary Response to Youths Sexting. One group's recommendation for youth and administrators about how to manage the issue of "sexting" or minors sending nude pictures to one another.
  • Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General
  • Death Sentences and Executions. Source: Amnesty International
  • Sentencing for Life: Americans Embrace Alternatives to the Death Penalty. From the Death Penalty Information Center. For Updated opinion polls take this link. Give Americans a viable alternative to death and they will choose it over execution.
  • Urban institute, "The Cost of the Death Penalty in Maryland." Numerous studies have attempted to specify the costs of adjudicating capital cases and, as the General Accounting Office noted many years ago, research usually underestimates it. This study is probably no different but it does provide current data on Maryland's death penalty costs from 1978-99. The lifetime cost of sentencing someone to death averaged three million dollars, $1.7 millon of which is for adjudication costs and $1.3 millon for prison costs. This is nearly three times the cost of not selecting a capital eligible case for the death penalty.
  • Death Penalty Focus, Californians for a Moratorium on Executions, located in San Francisco.
  • California Commission on the Fair Administration of Justice. A Commission recently created by the California State Senate. Its charge:
    • To examine the causes of wrongful convictions, and
    • to make recommendations and proposals to further insure that the administration of criminal justice in California is just, fair, and accurate.
  • Illinois Governor Ryan's Commission on Capital Punishment. A former republican governor facing flawed and irrevocable decisions.
  • Before the Needles. An updated link to this venerable page, Rob Gallagher's contribution based on the ESPY Files. The death penalty before lethal injection.
  • A Broken System: Error Rates in Capital Cases, 1973-1995, in pdf format. Of every capital conviction and appeal from 1973-1995 (about 5,500 decisions), 68 percent were thrown out on appeal.
  • Capital Punishment, from the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  • Survey of the Federal Death Penalty System, 2000. The latest study of the federal system that finds widespread disparities in death sentences by race and geography.
  • Staging an Execution: The Media at McVeigh. What was asked, and what wasn't, at Timothy McVeigh's execution. Shot in Indiana, funded by the Center for Comparative Law and Society Studies at UW. Also, here is an audio file (mp3) of a talk on the subject of televising McVeigh's execution.
  • Death penalty executions: a continuous count, including the name of dead inmates, race, and type of execution.
  • The Trial of Sacco & Vanzetti. Historical materials can sometimes help us see the ways in which social context affects how political decisions are reached.
  • Amnesty International. Reports on the execution of wrongfully convicted and innocent people in the US, around the world, and a wide range of other issues.
  • Death Penalty readings, The Bruderhof Communities
  • Critical Criminology's collection, which is very good.
  • Bureau of Justice Statistics Corrections information on capital punishment
  • The Death Penalty Information Center. A resource center for the public and media on the death penalty.
  • Dead Man Talkin' by Dean. A death row inmate at San Quentin writes about life on the row.
  • Manet and the Execution of Maximilian.
  • Bedeau's evaluation of the death penalty used to be a free, but now you must pay $3.
  • Ethics Videos on the Web. Go to Punishment and the Death Penalty. Lots of resources.
  • Bibliographic References for Multicultural Perspectives on Domestic Violence in the U.S. by Natalie J. Sokoloff. This is a detailed and comprehensive bibliography! Never met you, but thank you Natalie S.
  • Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs

    A book that examines over a hundred studies on the effects of programs intended to deal with family violence. Definitely worth checking out.

  • Family Violence Prevention Fund . This organization played a central role in getting the Violence Against Women Act passed in 1994. This site lists up-to-date links on current events in this area, including public policy changes.
  • Human Rights Watch - Global Report on Women's Human Rights. As the sponsorship and content suggest, this gets at international abridgement of women's rights. This is a lengthy and depressing documentation and criticism of the abuse, prostitution, forced labor, and related oppression of women in many countries.
  • National Sexual Violence Resource Center. See their Unspoken Crimes: Sexual Assault in Rural America.
  • Rape as Social Murder. An account of the rape of anthropology professor Cathy Winkler written by Professor Winkler. Originally published in Anthropology Today.
  • "Not Part of My Sentence" -- Violations of the Human Rights of Women in Custody, from Amnesty International.
  • The Sonoma County Domestic Violence Policy Committee Final Report. This report examines the problem of domestic violence intervention and the criminal justice system in light of public response to the killing of Maria Teresa Macias by her husband. This link takes you to the Table of Contents. This link is repeated below under "Mostly Local."
  • Cybergrrl has a good list of links.
  • The Domestic Violence Project. A pretty big collection of studies and articles.
  • The Women's Studies Resources page is very helpful too.
  • Men Against Domestic Violence adds some more sources.
  • Satore Township deals with workplace violence, including domestic violence, and aspires to much more--a kind of watering hole for criminologists and others on the internet.
  • The Feminist Majority Foundation. See this vast and comprehensive site on feminism, including information directly relevant to criminology--e.g., reproductive rights, and gender apartheid in Afghanistan.
  • See the section under "Terrorism" to learn about recent ATF data on arsons and bombings of abortion clinics.
  • The Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner SART page. An updated site with an extensive collection on Sexual Assault Response Teams.
  • Violence Against Women, a national online resource. See the listing of, among others, Marital Rape: New Research and Directions.
  • See the World Criminal Justice Library Network bibliography. You have to scroll down to "Women and Domestic Violence.'

Assignments Feature

The assignments feature on Raz-Kids saves you valuable time while strengthening the connection between what is being taught and what students are practicing. This feature allows you to easily assign your whole class, small groups, or individual students books and resources at developmentally appropriate levels and around specific content areas and topics.

Digital resources give students the opportunity to independently read content�anywhere they have an Internet connection�through the Kids A-Z eLearning portal and mobile app.

By creating groups of students in the Classroom Roster within the Kids A-Z Student Management area, you can easily assign resources to specific groups of students.

With Raz-Kids, teachers can assign various resources to students or groups of students from multiple places on the website:

  • Main Resource Pages

    Hover over the resource thumbnail to display the Assign feature.

  • Individual Resource Pages

    Preview the digital resources available for a book and assign those resources to students using the Assign feature on a book's landing page.

  • Search

    Access the Assign feature by hovering over a resource's thumbnail in a list of Search results.

    Once you click on the Assign button, simply select the resources you want to assign and the students or groups of students in your roster you want to receive the assignment. The assignment will appear in the students' My Assignments area in Kids A-Z.


Other ways to make assignments include choosing a level for each student in your roster to help them Level Up! and assigning one or more individual resources to a student or group of students using the Custom Assignment feature.

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